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South Carolina
Judicial Department
2011-UP-410 - Greenville Airport Commission v. Bruns


In The Court of Appeals

Greenville Airport Commission, Respondent,


Gregory Bruns, Appellant.

Appeal From Spartanburg County
J. Derham Cole, Circuit Court Judge

Unpublished Opinion No.  2011-UP-410
Submitted August 15, 2011 – Filed August 29, 2011


John Adams Hodge, of Columbia, and Joseph S. Lyles, of Greenville, for Appellant.

Knox L. Haynsworth, III, of Greenville, for Respondent.

PER CURIAM:  Gregory Bruns appeals the denial of his request for attorney's fees, arguing the trial judge erred in finding Greenville Airport Commission (Commission) had substantial justification in pursuing a negligence action against him.  We affirm.[1]

This court reviews the trial court's decision to deny attorney's fees requested under section 15-77-300 of the South Carolina Code (2005) for an abuse of discretion in considering the applicable factors.  Layman v. State, 376 S.C 434, 444, 658 S.E.2d 320, 325 (2008).  "An abuse of discretion occurs when the conclusions of the trial court are either controlled by an error of law or are based on unsupported factual conclusions."  Id.

A party prevailing in defending an action against the State or its political subdivisions in a civil action may recover reasonable attorney's fees if: "(1) the court finds that the agency acted without substantial justification in pressing its claim against the party; and (2) the court finds that there are no special circumstances that would make the award of attorney's fees unjust."  S.C. Code Ann. § 15-77-300.  "An agency acts with 'substantial justification' within the meaning of the statute when its position has a 'reasonable basis in law and fact.'"  Cornelius v. Oconee Cnty., 369 S.C. 531, 539, 633 S.E.2d 492, 497 (2006).  Substantial justification means "justified in substance or in the main – that is, justified to a degree that could satisfy a reasonable person."  Heath v. Aiken, 302 S.C. 178, 183, 394 S.E.2d 709, 712 (1990) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).

In a negligence action, it is sufficient that the person charged with negligence "should have foreseen his negligence would probably cause injury to [something or] someone" and "may be held liable for anything which appears to have been a natural and probable consequence of his negligence," even when he did not contemplate the particular event which occurred.  Greenville Mem'l Auditorium v. Martin, 301 S.C. 242, 245, 391 S.E.2d 546, 547-48 (1990) (citations omitted). 

Here, the trial court did not abuse its discretion in denying Bruns's request for attorney's fees by finding Commission had substantial justification in pressing a negligence action against Bruns.  Bruns, a licensed pilot, left the runway surface at Greenville Downtown Airport and entered the Engineered Material Arresting System (EMAS) surface, causing damage.  As a pilot, Bruns had a duty at common law and pursuant to FAA regulations to operate his aircraft in such a manner as not to damage Commission's property.  It should have been foreseeable to Bruns that he could potentially damage airport property if he did not operate his aircraft in a way that would permit him to stop at the end of the runway.  Although Bruns disputed the airport gave him notice of the presence of the EMAS beyond the end of the runway, the airport's directory contained a notation of an EMAS.  Furthermore, markers and lights indicated the end of the runway, and chevrons were painted on top of the EMAS designating a surface unusable for taxiing.  The Air Traffic Controller testified he thought Bruns was going to turn before the end of the runway.  Thus, facts existed in the record to justify Commission to conclude Bruns was negligent and the property damage to the EMAS was a natural and probable consequence of Bruns's negligence.  The jury's finding that Bruns was negligent and proximately caused some of Commission's loss serves only to confirm Commission's position.  Accordingly, facts in the record support the trial court's finding Commission had substantial justification in bringing and maintaining a negligence action against Bruns. 


HUFF, PIEPER, and LOCKEMY, JJ., concur.

[1] We decide this case without oral argument pursuant to Rule 215, SCACR.