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Supreme Court Seal
South Carolina
Judicial Department
2011-UP-376 - Goodson v. GEICO Indemnity Company



Donald Lee Goodson, Appellant,


GEICO Indemnity Company, Respondent.

Appeal From Richland County
 J. Michelle Childs, Circuit Court Judge

Unpublished Opinion No.  2011-UP-376
Submitted June 1, 2011 – Filed July 25, 2011


W. Ralph Garris, of Columbia, for Appellant.

William H. Bowman, III, of Columbia, for Respondent.

PER CURIAM: Donald Lee Goodson appeals an order finding he was not entitled to uninsured motorist (UIM) coverage.   We affirm.[1]

Goodson sustained serious injuries when an automobile struck the motorcycle he was operating.  The limits of the at-fault driver's liability insurance were insufficient to compensate Goodson for his injuries and other damages arising from the accident.  

At the time of the accident, Goodson's motorcycle was insured by GEICO Indemnity Company under an Indemnity Cycle-Gard Motorcycle Policy.  The limits of Goodson's liability coverage were 15/30/10.  Since the inception of the policy in March 2003, Goodson never had UIM coverage on this policy.

Goodson sued GEICO for reformation of the policy to include UIM coverage, alleging GEICO failed to offer this coverage to him as required by section 38-77-160 of the South Carolina Code (2002).  After a nonjury trial, the trial court issued an order finding that pursuant to section 38-77-350(A) of the South Carolina Code (2002 & Supp. 2010), GEICO was entitled to a conclusive presumption that it made a meaningful offer of UIM coverage to Goodson.  In addition, although the court stated that evidence of an insured's knowledge or level of sophistication would not be relevant as a determination of whether an offer of UIM coverage was sufficient under section 38-77-350, it further found that GEICO's offer of UIM coverage provided sufficient information for Goodson, considering his level of education and work experience, to make an intelligent decision regarding whether or not to purchase UIM coverage.  Goodson appeals.

1. The failure to comply strictly with section 38-77-350(A) when offering UIM coverage does not automatically require judicial reformation of the policy to include such coverage.  Grinnell Corp. v. Wood, 389 S.C. 350, 357, 698 S.E.2d 796, 799 (2010).  "Rather, even where an [insurer] is not entitled to the presumption that it made a meaningful offer, it may prove the sufficiency of its offer by showing that it complied with Wannamaker."[2]  Id. at 357, 698 S.E.2d 799-800.

2. We hold the offer of UIM coverage at issue here satisfied the Wannamaker requirements, namely that (1) the insurer's notification process be commercially reasonable, (2) the insurer specify the limits of optional coverage and not merely offer additional coverage in general terms, (3) the insurer intelligibly advise the insured of the nature of the optional coverage, and (4) the insured be told that optional coverages are available for an additional premium.  State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co. v. Wannamaker, 291 S.C. 518, 521, 354 S.E.2d 555, 556 (1987)

Goodson concedes GEICO satisfied the first two prongs of the Wannamaker test.  As to whether GEICO "intelligibly advised" Goodson of the nature of optional coverage, the offer form contains a brief summary of the nature of UIM coverage, including who would be able to recover, the circumstances under which coverage would be available, and the extent of coverage.  It further advises that if the insured rejects any of the offered coverages, including UIM coverage, the form may be used by GEICO against the insured in the event the insured seeks this coverage at a later time.  The form also provides GEICO's toll-free telephone number, informs insureds that they may also contact the South Carolina Department of Insurance with questions, and gives contact information for the Department, including both its mailing and e-mail addresses and local and toll-free telephone numbers.   On the final page of the offer form appears a printed acknowledgement by which the insured, in signing the form, attests to the fact that GEICO has communicated the necessary information to enable the insured to make an intelligent decision regarding the various coverages offered.  We therefore hold GEICO "intelligibly advised" Goodson of the nature of UIM coverage.  This holding is further supported by the fact that it appears undisputed that Goodson personally completed the form and by the trial court's findings regarding Goodson's education and level of sophistication.  See  Floyd v. Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co., 367 S.C. 253, 263, 626 S.E.2d 6, 12 (2005) (stating that in requiring the insured to personally mark, make selections, and sign the form, "the Legislature apparently recognized that an insured person who is required to personally complete an offer form inevitably will find it necessary to seek further explanation from the insurance agent when he or she is unable to complete the form due to a lack of knowledge or understanding of the concepts of UM and UIM coverages");[3] Croft v. Old Republic Ins. Co., 365 S.C. 402, 420, 618 S.E.2d 909, 918 (2005) ("[E]vidence of the insured[']s knowledge or level of sophistication is relevant and admissible when analyzing, under Wannamaker, whether an insurer intelligibly advised the insured of the nature of the optional . . . UIM coverage.").

3. We disagree with Goodson's argument that the absence of specific premiums corresponding to the listed coverage limits amounts to a failure to satisfy the requirement that an insurer, when offering UIM coverage, advise its insureds that optional coverages are available for an additional premium. 

As the trial court noted, GEICO provided a method by which Goodson could have determined the premium for a specific set of coverage limits, namely, he could have called GEICO at its customer service telephone number for a quote.  Goodson's only challenge to this rationale is that GEICO should not have "put the onus on its customer to contact it for specific premiums" because it had the necessary information to provide specific quotes for his vehicles given the fact that his liability limits were the statutory minimums, and he fails to explain why it is unduly burdensome to expect customers to call their insurers for specific premiums.  We agree with the trial court that Goodson had the sophistication to avail himself of the means provided by GEICO to obtain a precise quote for a desired level of UIM coverage.  See Grinnell, 389 S.C. at 357-58, 698 S.E.2d at 800 ("A meaningful offer of additional UM and UIM [coverage] makes as certain as possible that an insured has actual knowledge of his options with respect to such coverages and is therefore able to make an informed decision with respect to this desired coverage.").

4. Because we hold that GEICO's offer of UIM coverage was sufficient under Wannamaker, we need not address Goodson's argument challenging the trial court's finding that GEICO was entitled to a conclusive presumption under section 38-77-350 that Goodson made a knowing decision to reject UIM coverage.  See Futch v. McAllister Towing of Georgetown, Inc., 335 S.C. 598, 613, 518 S.E.2d 591, 598 (1999) (ruling that, if the determination of a particular issue is dispositive of an appeal, the appellate court need not review the remaining issues); Weeks v. McMillan, 291 S.C. 287, 292, 353 S.E.2d 289, 292 (Ct. App.1987) ("Where a decision is based on alternative grounds, either of which independent of the other is sufficient to support it, the decision will not be reversed even if one of the grounds is erroneous.").


HUFF, WILLIAMS, and THOMAS, JJ., concur.

[1]  We decide this case without oral argument pursuant to Rule 215, SCACR.

[2]  State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co. v. Wannamaker, 291 S.C. 518, 354 S.E.2d 555 (1987).

[3]  We note that the conclusive presumption of a meaningful offer of UIM coverage now attaches even if the form "has been completed by an insurance producer or representative of the insurer" as long as it is the form promulgated by the Department and "is signed by the named insured."  S.C. Code Ann. § 38-77-350(B) (Supp. 2010).